A sommelier is a trained wine expert that works in fine establishments that provided all kinds of wine services including wine and food pairings. They may be referred to as wine stewards. Recent brain scans show that as sommeliers taste wine their brain reacts differently than novices. The sip of wine induces their brain to show greater activity in the functions of memory, language, and decision making. Doing so enhances the sommelier’s analytic tasting experience. Wine experts have rich conceptual knowledge and language to describe the taste and smell of wine.
Next, I grew curious about the education and requirements needed to become a sommelier. It takes about three years and there are different levels. There is beginner level, certified level, industry experienced pro, and mastery. The two most popular training programs are the Wine & Spirit Education Trust (WSET) and Court of Master Sommeliers (CMS). These programs are self-paced and can take a year or longer to complete. The costs also vary anywhere from course anywhere from 600 to 1,800 dollars.