Sunday, June 16, 2019

Post #3

This book really got me to think about things that I never used to think about. I always thought that sight was the most important sense, but from reading I found that they all have different important roles. I came across this website for kids that gives them an activity to do in order to explore different senses. The website explains that sight is the sense that we rely on the most. Our book “See What I’m Saying” talks about how vision allows you to sample less than half of your surroundings while hearing allows you to sample everything around you. This was important to me because I think that it is crazy that we don’t even prefer to rely on the sense that provides us with full surrounding support. I find it so interesting that we depend on specific senses for certain activities. Not everyone is fortunate enough to have all their senses, so it is important to understand each sense and how you can adapt to not being able to use one.

Post #2

Something that I never really knew about before reading this book was echolocation. There has been so many times that I have tried to navigate my way through my own house in the dark, and still would bump into things, even though I have lived here for 21 years. I watched this short clip on YouTube about a boy named Sam. He has been practicing echolocation for five months and it was incredible to watch. I enjoyed reading the book, but seeing Sam use echolocation definitely made me more interested. I started thinking more about all the individuals that use sounds to play baseball, and even how swimmers that are visually impaired are able to swim with blacked out goggles on. Sam said that because his vision is impaired, his other senses are a lot stronger. Another video I watched focused on blind swimming. The swimmer talked about brushing his arm against the rope to feel if he was going straight. He had to use touch in order to guide himself. Using other senses to make up for the impairment of another is truly an amazing thing that we are able to do and it is amazing to learn about. I have learned that our brains use reflected sounds to perceive properties of silent objects.

links to videos:

Post #1

One of the senses I found most interesting to learn about when reading “See What I’m Saying” was taste. More specifically, I enjoyed reading about dining at a restaurant that is pitch black. The individuals that were dining found that the smell of the food has an influence on how appetizing it is. The book talks about how the sound, touch, and other factors all influence what you are tasting. I watched a short video on YouTube about losing your sense of taste. In the video, Adrian explained that after he lost his sense of taste, he only eats simple foods because it is not enjoyable to eat without being able to taste any flavor. Like the book talks about, he adds spices and herbs to almost every food that he eats in order to enhance the smell sensation. He also believes it’s the texture of the spices that he enjoys, since he is unable to taste them. I find this extremely interesting since I never really took the time to think about how our senses play a huge role in eating. I would definitely find eating unenjoyable if I was unable to taste any flavor.         

Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Post #2 - Hearing

I always thought it is amazing how blind people get around in the world. Reading more about it in our book of "See what I'm saying", made me think more of how such talent people who are blind have. I give them a lot of credit knowing how to make their way around the world not always seeing anything or not seeing clearly. I think it is amazing of how true it is of how your other senses such as hearing or touch increase a little. Although at the same time those senses are just being used more when someone is blind or even when someone may be blindfolded to see if their other senses change.

I myself had a little experience when being blindfolded. It is something that not everyone might believe, because I was skeptical about it first myself. Me and my boyfriend went on a ghost hunt at the eastern state penitentiary with a ghost hunt tour. At one point we stood in front of a cell with our backs facing toward the room. They blindfolded us and I noticed I could actually focus on the noises and the feeling of touch, such as if it randomly got cold in the room. I could hear far away faint screams of the spirits without me trying to look where they are coming from. One other part of the session, my boyfriend said he felt like someone touched his ankles so ghost hunt tour guide told them to touch someone else's ankles a few seconds later I felt out of no where a cold wind across my ankles for a brief moment. Also at the end of the session the tour guide said to the spirits to say goodbye to us, a few seconds later my arm started to rise very slowly with pins and needles feeling. About a min later my arm felt lighter and then slowly went down. It was definitely an experience, and pretty amazing how out of the whole night, being blindfolded was the most interaction I got with the spirits.

Tuesday, June 4, 2019

Post #1 - See What I'm Saying/Sight

One of the topics that caught my eye was the section about reading lips in the chapter of "See What I'm Saying". I thought it was amazing to read about how we exactly read lips. It was interesting to find out though sometimes people even who are not deaf and can hear will still read lips when it might be loud somewhere are they are trying to talk low, but it does not always work. It reminds me of the time at my job, I am a nurses assistant in a hospital near me, and I had to take care of a patient who was deaf. There was a sign language interpreter especially to help me understand what the patient wanted or needed, but they could understand me by reading my lips. When finding this out, I tried to do the experiment myself by lip reading throughout the day, but it did not go well at all. I could barely understand anything when just trying to focus on reading lips. I have also done some research finding out it actually takes practice reading lips it is not something that everyone can do. I am probably not the best at it because I never think about just trying to really understand what someone is saying by reading their lips, I just do not think about it and just let my ears do the work. I have linked a video about how it is actually pretty hard to learn to lip read even when deaf because of the different ways people talk.

Monday, June 3, 2019

Post #1: Hearing

It is amazing to me what information our ears can detect alone, and that those who have their vision overlook very often. For those with visual impairments, it is fascinating at how fine tuned they are able to train their ears to be. I competed in track throughout college and multiple times I encountered a woman athlete who was blind and ran the 100-meter dash. She  ran alongside a wire, and it was always inspiring to me. I overheard her say how she was able to do this. She said that she was able to direct herself by listening to the gun that went off and by paying attention to the rapid footsteps racing beside her, rarely having to touch the wire she ran along. Another area of this chapter covered how our ears are fine tuned to melodies and music that we come into contact with. For me, I love to sing and I sometimes sing for my friend's band. I understand what the book describes when it says we are able to distinguish notes or keys that are off in certain areas. When the instruments flow together smoothly, you not only can feel it, but the sound gives you chills. The sense of hearing is just fascinating how it has evolved. The book did mention how we can "hear the future" which helps us avert ourselves out of harms way very often. I know for example, I have saved myself on more than one occasion from lunging out of the way of drivers who were not paying attention, or even just stepping out of runners' way when they run by. The noises get louder and the sounds allow us to get out of the way with time to spare. The fact that cars are now becoming quieter does worry me with the vision impaired population in cities. I don't like walking around in a crowded city and my vision is fine, take away the noise and I can foresee many accidents occurring.

I found a video (above) from YouTube of the Men's 100m Final from Rio 2016 in the Paralympic Games where many of the men were either blind or wearing blindfolds during the race. It reminded me of that one athlete I had competed against.

Sunday, June 2, 2019

Post #3 - Perception

Image result for perception examples in real life relationshipOur society creates a perception of a person's attitude or personality based on their looks. There are two applicants who are having an interview. The first person is wearing a hoodie and pants. The second one looks professional. The manager judges the first applicant based on its looks. The manager turned down the first applicant and hired the second applicant. Months have passed, the second applicant was fired and the first applicant is working at the next store and got promoted. Looks can be deceiving and our perceptions can cause us inappropriate actions. Our perception is not always right and we should not use it in judging people right away. Our perception can define our behavior but we should always have an open mind with other peoples perception.

Post #2 - Sight

      Image result for blindfolded game
Have you ever played a game where you were blindfolded and your playmates will hide and you need to find them? It was one of my favorite game because you can see the person looking for you and you can move every time as long as that person can't catch you. Whenever I was blindfolded I will bruise myself bumping into furniture. I can hear my playmates run around but I could not figure out where they are because their laugh echoes around the room and there are tons of movement all around. I have noticed that I need to listen carefully and when I'm close to someone the temperature changes and the air were different.  I can feel breathing loudly and that's when I knew I found a person. Not being able to see was challenging but you just really need to focus on your surrounding the sounds will determine if there are object nearby. 

Post #1 - Hearing

Image result for deaf and mute
When I was young, I had a friend who is deaf and mute. It amazes me how she can predict what is happening around her. For example, if there are cars behind her or someone standing behind her. There was once incident when we were playing hide and seek. She found all of us in less than five minutes because she said that she can feel our breathing. Also, they are aware with someones emotion as if like they can see it right through you. Maybe because they cannot speak so they know how silence can mean something. As I read the chapter about hearing it taught me that people who can't hear have the skills to anticipate their surroundings better than people who can hear. Vibration in their surroundings can help them a lot. 

Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Welcome Summer 19' Students!

I look forward to reading your posts here!

Monday, December 17, 2018

Extra Post for Research MakeUp

Fog and Perception

I was driving to work the other morning, it was super foggy out. I was going over the bridge and realized i couldn't see anything. It was actually kind of scary. I quickly started driving slower then got to thinking about how the fog was throwing off my perception. When I got home I looked up an article about how fog effects our perception while driving. There was an experiment done in Germany to compare the driving behavior in fog versus not in fog. It was found that when there was fog surrounding the car- in all windows the drivers slowed down. When the for was in a distance the speed of driving was above average. This was due to the changing visual perception. It depended on what part of vision was impaired due to the fog. If it was in our peripherals we slow down. When the fog is in a distance, in our center line of vision we tend to speed up towards it. I thought that this concept was interesting.

link to article: 2012-10-foggy-perception.html
Elements of Thought: Question at issue- "How does fog effect our visual perception?
Information: Based on the data in Germany it depends on where the fog is to interpret how it effects our visual perception.

Saturday, December 15, 2018

Extra Post for Research

The McGurk Effect

The McGurk effect is a phenomenon in which an illusion that conflicts what you are receiving from your senses. In the video below, the actor is constantly saying "Baa", however when his mouth changes to show an "F" sound, we hear "Faa". If you look away from the video, and strictly listen, then you realize that the sound "Baa" is actually being made, regardless of you hearing "Faa" when watching the actors lips. This illusion is interesting because it makes me realize how in-depth our senses work together to process information. It also makes me more informed of how Deaf or Hard of Hearing people are able to read lips as a method of communication, and how important utilizing all of your working senses truly is.


Friday, December 14, 2018

Post 3

The McGurk effect that was discussed in class was interesting because it highlighted how important visual stimuli is in auditory processing.  My mother who is very slowly losing her hearing in her left ear depends on us to either speak very loudly or to speak to her face so that she can see our mouths moving because it helps her understand what we are saying easier.

Post 2

This is Thor.  A dog that stayed for a week at a boarding kennel that I work at.  He touched my heart as soon as I laid eyes on him.  He would come up for scratches with his little puppy dog eyes, but what was interesting, like most dogs, when you scratched between his shoulder blades he would shake on of his back legs.  Dogs shake their back legs due to a reflex that the touch receptor in that area put off. When a prolonged signal is being sent from that area the signal is sent from there to the signal cord for processing and back through the central dorsal horn to send a motor signal telling the leg to shake.   Reflexes are processed in the spinal cord.

Post 1

During the trip to philly that my group and I took, I saw this gorgeous building that I just had to take a picture of.  After further evaluation of this photo I noticed a lot of different things about this scene that I would not have realised without this course.  Due to relative size the lamppost and the building look to be the same size but my awareness of the situation tells me that the building is indeed larger.  Due to the power of occlusion I am aware that the wall is behind the lamppost and that there is one square building almost directly in front of another square building.

For our final project we were assigned touch so we designed a box and had individuals put their hands inside and try to guess what they were feeling. Every person reacted differently which was awesome to see each rely only on their sense of feeling. Perception of touch is so important to everyday living that we sometimes forget how significant it actually is. Each of the items that we had stationed in the box had its own unique feeling to it. Many of the participants had issues identifying what many of the items were which was interesting to watch. Overall it was a great final project and I learned that perception is one of the key senses a human being has and I did not fully understand how important it actually was. 

Transference/Counter-transference (Extra Post for SONA points)

Being a case manager a recovery house, my case load consists of guys with varying personalities. During interactions with these residents, sometimes emotions take hold of the conversation and things become difficult to accomplish. Subconsciously, one of us experiences transference and/or counter-transference. Transference is when my words or actions are causing the resident I'm working with to react emotionally based on past experiences. Counter-transference is when the residents are bringing up emotions in me based on past experiences. How I perceive guys on my caseload can affect how I view their recovery. While each guys is at a different stage of change at any given point, I have been working hard in supervision to identify these feelings and take a normal neutral work at the logistics of their program. We're humans and emotions are natural. For me, being able to identify how I am perceiving someone and the reasons behind it help me to change my perception. I'm still in the first year of working here and I know my awareness will increase. It is very interesting to me to see how peoples perception of their recovery changes, just as mine had a couple years ago. 

Angelos AC (Post 3)

The other night I went out to eat for my friends birthday with a large group of people; we went to Angelos in Atlantic City. When we walked in, we initially had 2 more people than the reservation was set for so we were slated to wait an additional hour for a table to open up. That seemed ridiculous to me, but 2 people from the group decided to go to eat elsewhere since they were already tired, so we got to our table only 20 minutes later than anticipated. Once we were seated, the bread was really good with my concoction of oil, salt, pepper, red pepper flake and parm. After our orders were placed, it took about 25 minutes for the apps to come out, and an additional 40 minutes for the entrees to come out. Thank goodness the meal was amazing because I was really getting anxious sitting for so long without food. When I go out to eat I create this expectation of when I will be eating by and waiting longer than that expected time makes me uneasy. For dinner I got the veal chop. INCREDIBLE. With mushrooms, roasted red peppers and a marsala sauce. The one thing I really didn't like was instead of asking if we wanted dessert we were just brought a check. Bad customer service if you ask me. I would have gotten a coffee because I enjoy that after a meal. The energy in the restaurant was very positive. The sounds of the other tables talking and laughing and having a good time was definitely infectious. The smells of all the food was delightful and the taste was even better. Overall the food outweighed the negatives of waiting and an early check. 7/10 would go back.
Image result for angelo's italian restaurant in atlantic city

Blues Traveler 4th of July Concert (Post 2)

Over the summer I went out to Denver, Colorado to see my brother and his family. I spent a few days seeing different sites around the city, and even ventured out to some hiking sites, most notably Rocky Mountain National in Estes Park. The sights were truly breathtaking (seriously it was tough to breathe out there because of the altitude). Boulder was a cool town to see; many college students walking the streets and a strip with a ton of shops was fun. The coolest part of the trip was a concert at The Red Rocks seeing Blues Traveler. I went in knowing one of their songs, "Run Around" which is probably their most famous. What I experienced was a jam band who broke just to play that one song, then went back to jamming. The sights were amazing. We were able to see the skyline behind the stage, fireworks from different cities lit up the sky. All of my senses were lit up, as it seemed everyone around me was lit up. It was one of the coolest experiences in my life and I would recommend anyone who hasn't been to the Red Rocks to go.

post 3

Image result for roseImage result for cup of coffee Image result for wood fire


My last post will be about odor. I have experience many time when I can smell something but can not connect it to a center object. According to “sciencemag” people can detect a trillion smells however it can get complicated to distinguish from each other. The three smells that a person is easy to detect from each other is a rose, fresh cup of coffee and a wood fire. While typing this I was able to recall the odor of each three of them. The information given in the article is very similar to what chapter 15 says about odor. This site also states that people could tell the difference between odors according to four different qualities fragrant, acidic, caprylic and burnt, along with a nine scale. That gives us 6,561 distinguishable smell, which was later rounded up to 10,0000. The information given on this site connects with what we spoke in class regarding different odors. As we mentioned in class we make connections from what we know to figure what something smells like. 

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Extra Post for Research Credit

How does the way food looks or its smell influence taste?

During a class experiment, a few french researchers colored a white wine red with odorless dye and asked wine experts to describe the taste of it. They ended up saying it tastes like any normal red wine rather than the white wine suggesting that the color did in fact make a difference. Sight influences perception completely. Food and drinks are identified by their sense of smell and sight not taste. To our brains, taste is the combination of a food's taste, smell and touch into one. This combination takes place because of chewing or sipping comes from the mouth. Flavor is also another term to describe the taste meaning smell doesn't simply influence all of it.
Taste sensations include sweet, sour, bitter, savory, and fat. When these things are placed in our mouths, the taste cells are activated and we perceive a type of flavor. It activates sensory cells located side by side with taste sells that tell us how the temperature, spiciness, or creaminess results in.

Perceiving Color (Post 4-Research Credit)

On my phone, I have the app “Happy Color” which is an app that has multiple coloring pages that have you color by number to create an image. This first picture shows one of the first ones I colored on the app. Because I am fully able to percieve color, I can see the Elephant that is colored in the middle of the image. I copied the image and put it in black and white to reprent what the image would look like as a Monochromat. Monochromats are truy colorbling for have no functioning cones so they only percieve white, gray and black tones and no color. In the second image, it is a lot harder to pick out that the image created an elephant due to the elephant and background not being clearly distinguished.

AHHHHHHH (extra blog post)

This video, real but a meme, is a small clip from of song by Kirin J. Callinan. In the video, the man pictured seems larger than his environment, the mountains, sky, etc. However, based on the placement of the mountains which are placed normally in the image and the man who is singing is placed in the sky with only his upper half showing. The man looks larger than the background he was placed behind as if he is a floating omnipotent figure. This creates a forced perspective of the man who is, in reality, normally sized and standing in front of a green screen. Enjoy the video!!
Image result for ahhhhh song
Post #3 Psychic Perception

Perception is essentially the psychics superpower. Using perception psychics can manipulate a thought and make it a reality. Just like in the video in class with the fake hand and how the mind thought it was attached to the person. A psychic can do that with thoughts and ideas by adopting them into your mind and making them a reality. Some examples are: A key is just an odd shaped piece of metal unless you know it can be used to open a lock, or fruit becomes food when you realize its edible. Many layers of reality are deep and hidden and psychics tap into that to get you to believe their reality that they see for you.

Post #2 Sensory Processing Disorder

At least one in twenty people in the general population may be affected by SPD. Gifted children (savant) or children with ADHD, Autism, or fragile x syndrome are at a much higher risk. Sensory Processing Disorder has strange symptoms that do not really relate to any other disorders or can be explained. Through research heredity may be a possible cause. All that researchers know so far is that the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are not functioning normally. This is important because these symptoms affect important functions that occur in the human body such as with the parasympathetic it controls urination, sexual arousal, and rest, and feeding.

Post #1: Hyposensitive children seek out the need for more attention because their mind does not detect enough sensory stimulation. This can cause children to enjoy tight bear hugs, crave fast or intense movement, and even have a high tolerance for pain. This is seen when children fall and do not notice they have an injury.

This relates to the class because in a normal person with normal sensory capabilities they would not seek out extra sensory attention because they would just be perceived as uncomfortable to that person.


Wednesday, December 12, 2018

Extra Blog Post (#4): Taste

Caitlin Juliano
Dr. Mark Berg
Perception_Fall 2018 (Extra Blog Post (#4) on Taste)
Wed. 12/12/2018

  • Taste, which is defined as the sensation of flavor perceived within the mouth, is such a broad topic. 
  • It is one of our main senses- besides the others, such as: vision and hearing.
  • We all have the ability to taste all different types of food and drinks of various flavors- such as: sweet, sour, salty, or bitter. 
  • All of those forms of taste are completed on different parts of the tongue. 

*Here is a picture diagram on where those taste types are located on the human tongue:
  • Everyone may tastes certain food and drinks differently. However, everyone ends up discussing the taste of various food and drinks with strong emotions that can be either positive or negative. (Possibly even both too...)
    • For an example: When you and some other people go to a new restaurant, you tend to judge even more carefully how the food and drinks are presented, cooked, and taste overall. After you're done your meal, you then truthfully profess your ratings and specific reviews on the restaurant. Was it good? Bad? Maybe just ok?
    • This is quite similar to some of the taste presentations that we viewed today in class.- especially, when the classmates that went to different restaurants in this area and they all talked about if the food was dry or flavorless and so on...
  • Taste is so very essential and overall such an expansive topic. --- Check out this short and interesting video for more in depth information on taste as well ->
How does our sense of taste work? (2016, August 17). Retrieved from